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1. Which three terms were used to describe the changes taking place in the 1770's?

2. Why did the new fields have to be bigger than the old ones?

3. Why were the fields separated from one another by new hedges?

4. Why did the new farmers plant trees?

5. What was exported from Fife to other parts of Scotland?

6. Why was it necessary to build good quality roads?

7. What happened to the marshlands?

8. Describe the work done by (a) a reaper (b) a thresher.

9. Explain why the oxen were replaced by horses.

10. Find out the names of two breeds of horses which were bred to pull the ploughs.

11. Make a list of 4 new trades which arrived as a result of the Improvements.

12. Although the Improvements resulted in an increase in the amount of arable land, some parts, especially the South West, became better known for their dairy products.

Name two farm products which start with the name Ayrshire.

13. Ask your teacher for a map of Scotland. Find the locations mentioned in the note on "Some Notable Improvers" and, using, an atlas shade these areas on the map.

14. In the last 10 years or so, the hedgerows and trees have been cut down to make fewer, larger fields.

(a) Why do you think the farmers found this necessary?

(b) Ask your teacher to explain how the E.E.C. is now forcing farmers to grow less crops and to start planting trees.

15. Farmers nowadays usually own their own machinery, but in the past they had to co-operate with their neighbours to gather enough oxen to pull the Old Scots plough.

Try to find out where, in Scotland, this method of co-operating or sharing is still taking place and why it is necessary.

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